Down syndrome is a genetic condition that results in some level of learning disability and a characteristic range of physical features. Down syndrome is one of the most common causes of a learning disability.
In 1866 an English doctor, John Langdon Down, recognised and described a consistent pattern of characteristics among a group of people. The syndrome was named after him because he discovered it and it is now called Down syndrome or Down’s syndrome.
Learning disability significantly affects a child’s ability to learn compared with other children of their age but it does not mean a child cannot learn at all.